Grain Market Reports: 15Dec2010

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent


Dan sent some extra goodies on Monday; several supply and demand reports for corn and wheat.  Lots of good information there so here ya go.
Supply and Demand Wheat, Dec 2010
Supply and Demand World Wheat, Dec 2007-2010
Supply and Usage, Corn 2010
Supply and Usage, Wheat 2010

Here are market reports for Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday:
Market Report 13Dec2010
Market Report 14Dec2010
Market Report 15Dec2010



Dan Steiner from Morrow County Grain Growers and Pendleton Grain Growers was one of the speakers at our 2010 Grower Meeting.  Dan puts out a wheat/grain market report and I asked his permission to re-post his market report here on our blog.  He also sent me this cool "cheat sheet" to clarify all the acronyms and abbreviations used in the commodities trade.  Dan says his goal with this report is to give growers a quick summary of what is going on in the world and if you keep up reading the report you'll have a good idea of how to best market your grain. Thanks Dan!

Wheat Market Report: 10Dec10

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent


Here's today's Market Report:
Wheat Market Report 10Dec10



Dan Steiner from Morrow County Grain Growers and Pendleton Grain Growers was one of the speakers at our 2010 Grower Meeting.  Dan puts out a wheat/grain market report and I asked his permission to re-post his market report here on our blog.  He also sent me this cool "cheat sheet" to clarify all the acronyms and abbreviations used in the commodities trade.  Dan says his goal with this report is to give growers a quick summary of what is going on in the world and if you keep up reading the report you'll have a good idea of how to best market your grain. Thanks Dan!

Wheat Market Report: 9Dec10

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent


Here's today's Market Report:
Wheat Market Report 9Dec10



Dan Steiner from Morrow County Grain Growers and Pendleton Grain Growers was one of the speakers at our 2010 Grower Meeting.  Dan puts out a wheat/grain market report and I asked his permission to re-post his market report here on our blog.  He also sent me this cool "cheat sheet" to clarify all the acronyms and abbreviations used in the commodities trade.  Dan says his goal with this report is to give growers a quick summary of what is going on in the world and if you keep up reading the report you'll have a good idea of how to best market your grain. Thanks Dan!

Wheat Market Report: 8Dec10

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent


Here's today's Market Report:
Wheat Market Report 8Dec10



Dan Steiner from Morrow County Grain Growers and Pendleton Grain Growers was one of the speakers at our 2010 Grower Meeting. Dan puts out a wheat/grain market report and I asked his permission to re-post his market report here on our blog. He also sent me this cool "cheat sheet" to clarify all the acronyms and abbreviations used in the commodities trade. Dan says his goal with this report is to give growers a quick summary of what is going on in the world and if you keep up reading the report you'll have a good idea of how to best market your grain. Thanks Dan!

Pesticide License Renewal: Announcement from ODA

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Many of you probably already receive updates from ODA Pesticide Division but I thought I'd re-post the following letter reminding you to turn your pesticide license renewal form in early.  Last year, ODA took a long time to get all the license renewals processed in January and many growers experience a frustrating interruption in their ability to legally buy restricted use pesticides (RUP).  So, be proactive and turn that form in now so everything goes through smoothly and you are not prevented from making an RUP purchase in January.

On a similar note, CPS is now requiring each branch location to maintain photocopies of our customers pesticide applicator licenses.  Fred and Patricia in the chem room are/will/should be asking to see your license whenever you stop in to pick something up so we can take a photocopy of it for our records.  Sorry for the inconvenience but bear with us, it won't hurt too bad.

Here's ODA's letter:



For those of you who have been holding on to your pesticide license renewal notice, now is the time to get it sent in for processing. ODA mailed renewal notices slightly early this year in hopes of getting most licenses issued before the start of the year. Unfortunately, only about 25% of pesticide applicator renewal forms have been returned to us to date. Waiting to return your application form may compound the delay in your 2011 license being issued. The best way to ensure that your license will be active when you need it is to send it in to us early.

In the unfortunate event that you have lost your renewal form, you can use a regular application form from our website. Of course, you will need to fill in all of the information on this form, because it is not custom printed like the renewal form. Find the form that corresponds to your license type from this website:

Please remember to verify all of the information on your renewal notice before sending it back to us. Update all contact information, including phone numbers and email address. If you are filling out an application for a Commercial Pesticide Operator license, please remember to identify all current employees and remove any employees who have left your company. Also, operators should provide up-to-date insurance information. Please note that incomplete applications will take longer to issue than complete applications.

Finally, some people have asked about license payments. Currently, we are not set up to accept web payments, nor are we allowed to take payments by phone or email. The only ways to pay for a 2011 license is by mail, FAX, or in person in our Salem office. 

Wheat Market Report: 7Dec10

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Dan Steiner from Morrow County Grain Growers and Pendleton Grain Growers was one of the speakers at our 2010 Grower Meeting.  Dan puts out a wheat/grain market report and I asked his permission to re-post his market report here on our blog.  He also sent me this cool "cheat sheet" to clarify all the acronyms and abbreviations used in the commodities trade.  Dan says his goal with this report is to give growers a quick summary of what is going on in the world and if you keep up reading the report you'll have a good idea of how to best market your grain. Thanks Dan!

Here's today's Market Report:
Wheat Market Report 7Dec10

Here are the last few market reports to get you caught up to some extent:
Wheat Market Report 24Nov10
Wheat Market Report 29Nov10
Wheat Market Report 30Nov10
Wheat Market Report 2Dec10
Wheat Market Report 6Dec10

Bayer Crop Science Kills Puma 1EC

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Bayer has discontinued their sale of Puma 1EC.  Here's the letter they sent out.  We'll keep you posted on replacements for this herbicide. 

2010 Grower Meeting Review

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

We hosted our annual Grower Meeting yesterday at the Linn County Fairgrounds  and we had a great turnout.  The speakers and presenters all did a great job and we gave away some great door prizes, including a Traeger Grill. 

The meeting kicked off with Josh Nelson covering the soybean research trial he put together with Horning Farms and the help of Cameren Moran of CPS.  The soybean trial consisted of nine different short-season varieties that were all taken to seed yield and a couple varieties were also taken for green chop.  Josh and Cam had yield data, protein, and fat percentages for all the varieties.  Of course we're still in the learning stages on this but at least a couple varieties showed some promise even in a wet year like we have had in 2010.  

Pat Boren followed with a summary of our wheat research trial out on Highway 34.  The trial was designed to compare five varieties of wheat for maximum yield.  We included standard and high-rate fertilizer applications with and without growth regulators.  Cameren and Pat put a lot of time and work into this trial and it cranked out some great data.

We have always worked very hard to pursue new ideas, alternatives, and methods.  These two collaborative projects are great examples of this mindset in action.

The next presentation was a team effort by our fumigation and rodent control specialist, Corey Burns, and Ed Hosada of Cardinal Professional Products.  Cardinal is a large fumigation and supply company we have worked closely with over the last year as we move ahead with ProFume as our primary fumigant for rodent control in seed warehouses.  Ed has over 30 years experience in the fumigation industry and he has been an invaluable resource to us.  Corey and Ed covered all the details of ProFume fumigations for rodent control in our "leaky" seed storage buildings.  The take home message: sealing your building is paramount to achieving a solid and affordable fumigation.

Mike McPhee of NaChurs gave a good presentation on liquid fertilizers, the efficiencies and compatibilities inherent to different fertilizers forms, and how to maximize fertilizer efficiencies in a volatile fertilizer market.  The main point in Mike's presentation is that we as growers and agronomists need to look at every option and decide the most efficient way of nutrient delivery for each situation we are presented with.  With phosphorous and potassium specifically, foliar fertilizers could be the best option in many cases.

The infamous Dr. Glenn Fisher of OSU followed the break with a timely presentation covering Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus in perennial ryegrass, the significant cutworm outbreak we had this fall, and the ever-present cranefly larva.  Glenn, et al, have done a tremendous amount of work on BYDV and aphid virus transmission in grass seed over the last several years.  Cutworms were an unusual, surprising, and severe problem this fall.  Glenn talked about the environmental factors that started that ball rolling including a cool wet summer with many alternate host plants available in addition to a massive migratory population from up to 200 miles away!  Dr. Fisher also touched on the life-cycle of the European cranefly.

We wrapped up the meeting with an informal round-table type discussion lead by Dan Steiner from Morrow County Grain Growers, John Sperl of Pendleton Grain Growers, and Tyson Raymond of the Oregon Wheat Growers League.  They covered many aspects of wheat marketing as well an in depth explanation of the wheat grading process.  Dan also took a lot of questions from growers on topics like discounts, premiums, and how to use hedge-to-arrive contracts.  Dan puts together a daily "blurb" about the wheat market and world influences on the PGG website.  You can also sign up the get Dan's daily market report delivered to your email inbox.

All in all it was a great meeting.  We have received some good feedback from you guys who attended and lunch was pretty good too.  Thanks to all the speakers and the people behind the scenes who put this meeting together.

At War Over Biotech Crops in Oregon

Joe Moade
CPS Tangent

Food for Thought
At War Over Biotech Crops in Oregon


Wednessday Nov. 3rd 7:00pm-8:30pm Esther McGinnis a researcher in Applied Plant Sciences at the universty of Minnesota will be discussing how Oregon Beet farmers came to be at the center of a national lawsuit reguarding biotech crops.  The lecture will be held at the OSU's LaSells Stewert Center, free open to the public.

Callisto Label

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

We now have Callisto labeled for pre-emergence applications to annual ryegrass. Callisto has been a great herbicide for the control of mannagrass and broadleaf annual weeds in annual ryegrass seed production fields.

Here is the letter from ODA explaining the changes to the label and here is a copy of the label itself.

Callisto is also labeled on perennial ryegrass and tall fescue as well as oats. It's late this year for a pre-emergent application to annual ryegrass but we still have good control of mannagrass with a post-emergent application.

Talk with your CPS fieldman about Callisto usage and timing.

The Secret to High Wheat Yields

Pat Boren
CPS Tangent

Last fall the Tangent Branch of CPS planted a wheat trial to achieve high yields using all the practices that we felt that would lead to the best yields possible.  Many of you attended the plot tour we hosted last spring to highlight this trial.  We tested two nitrogen rates, two growth regulators, and five varieties.  The plots were harvested with a small plot combine.  Our conclusion is that no one factor is the secret to high yields but that paying attention to the critical factors will lead to high yields overall.
Here is a summary of our results:

VARIETY              BUSHELS/AC        BUSHEL WEIGHT
TUBBS 06               173                                  61
GOETZE                 184                                   61
BADGER                 163                                  60.6
SOUNDER              122                                  60
WESTBRED            165                                  62.6

Many of the costs of raising wheat are constant (rent, equipment, seed, labor, overhead, etc).  It is essential that wheat yield well to be profitable.  The following are the factors that we considered in our wheat trial:
  • Site: Wheat needs well drained soil with PH in the 5.5-6 level with good Phosphorus and Potassium levels.
  • Variety: Goetze and Tubbs 06 are the two best yielding varieties for the Willamette Valley. Yamhill may do better in poorer drained areas.  There is some renewed interest in Madsen because of its rust resistance. Ever variety has its strengths and weakness.  Discuss your variety options with your CPS fieldman.
  • Nitrogen: The Mineralizable Nitrogen (Min-N) test has been working very well.  In our trial the Min-N test called for 90#N/ac.  In the plots where we applied 150#N/ac the yields improved only slightly.  The added yield did not pay for the additional nitrogen and protein levels increased to unacceptable levels.
  • Seeding Rate: OSU plots show 20-25 plants/sq ft is the best yielding rate.  Late plantings and no-till should be increased.  Where we harvested plots of double-drilled vs. single-drilled wheat (at 10” spacing), the single drilled wheat yielded better.   There is also a suggestion that very thick wheat makes the disease issues worse.
  • Lodging and Growth Regulators: Growth regulators did not increase or decrease yields in absence of lodging.  The plots that lodged showed lower yields as expected.  The growth regulators helped reduce lodging. Wheat in our trial and in OSU trials rarely lodged when nitrogen rates were based on the Min-N test.  Badger and Goetze are shorter varieties that resist lodging.
  • Diseases: Rust and Septoria are huge issues in wheat production in the Willamette Valley. The occurrence and severity will depend on the weather (wet, dry, cold wet early, late…) and variety.  A fungicide application at flag leaf should be a standard application.  Multiple spring applications can be beneficial when conditions are favorable for disease.  
    • The reality of disease control is that prevention and early treatment is better than trying to cure a problem.  Many times the decision to treat needs to be based on the judgment of the grower and fieldman based on what is happening in the field; weather, variety, yield potential, etc.  The fungicides available work well and utilize multiple mode of actions.  This year yields were reduced by up to 60% where plots were not treated with fungicides.  Our high yield trial was treated multiple times.
  • Weed Control: Everyone realizes that weed control is critical in wheat and for the following crop.  Wheat can be a good rotation crop if our chemical tools are utilized effectively.  Luckily we have a wide selection of herbicides; however there is not one program that works in all situations.  The particular herbicide to use and application timing depends on the weed spectrum in each field.   There is an increased occurrence of some weeds (Prickly Lettuce, Sow Thistle) that will need special consideration.
The Willamette Valley has great wheat yield potential.  Our non-irrigated ground can yield as high as any place in the world.  Many of the commodity crops have seen dramatic increases in yield potential over the last 10-15 years.  The quality of the growers, our soils, the varieties available, and weather make it very feasible to see big increases in the average wheat yields in the Willamette Valley. CPS will continue to test varieties and agronomic practices in 2011 to help in this progression.

Rely280, New Formulation, New Label

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

The new formulation of Rely has received its full federal label and the 24c for "grasses grown for seed" has also been approved.  The rates have changed so talk with your CPS fieldman. 

I'd like to highlight one new addition to the label: we are now allowed to use Rely280 in the fall.  This label allows for a Rely280 in the fall, spring, or both.  OSU and CPS have been doing research with Rely280 in the fall for the last couple years and it will be a good addition to the toolbox for our fall chemical programs.  Like all chemicals, it won't fit everywhere but it is nice to have something else at our fingertips.

Here are some excerpts from the email we received from Barry Duerk, Bayer Crop Science rep for our area:

Enclosed is the new SLN for Rely 280 for grasses grown for seed.  This label allows for up to two applications of Rely 280 for grass seed production.  The label allows for one application in the fall and one in the spring.  The fall applications have performed well for additional bluegrass control.  
The label also contains language pertaining to having a waiver signed by the grower prior to using Rely on grass seed, this language was instituted in the first Rely label for grass seed in the late 1990's.  As Rely has become more accepted by growers in the Willamette Valley, this practice has become more relaxed.  For those that feel the need to follow the waiver language, a waiver is also enclosed.  The work conducted by BCS and various researchers in the Willamette Valley has shown no additional concerns for grass seed regarding the new formulation or the multiple applications as long as the label directions are followed.  

Thank you, Barry Duerk 
This new formulation has performed very well in side-by-side trials with the previous formulation.  Again, the rates are different now so be sure to check with your CPS fieldman.

While Rely in grass seed production has been around for a while, the addition of a fall application to the label is new so we want to thank Barry Duerk and Bayer for funding the research to get that label.  OSU's research team and Joe Cacka of CPS were also instrumental in gathering the data required to support the label.

2010 Fall Wheat Meeting

Jason Bennett
CPS

OSU Extension is putting on a Fall Wheat Meeting September 16 & 17.  There are 3 different locations and times over these 2 days in the Valley.  They will cover Wheat Disease, Variety, Management and Weed Control.  Here is the schedule, time and locations of the meeting.

Field Bindweed and Wild Carrot Control

Jason Bennett
CPS Tangent

With the end of Summer fast upon us it is time to start thinking about two weeds that are a problem for most people who farm in the Willamette Valley, Field Bindweed and Wild Carrot.


 Field Bindweed
 Field Bindweed is a long-lived deep rooted perennial weed that often climbs or forms dense tangled mats.  Bindweed can be a problem in just about anything you raise in the Valley and with the rain we received on Monday now is the time to control it.  There are many products that may burn the bindweed back or keep it at bay, but there are only two that will eventually kill it.  One is Glyphosate this obvious only works when dealing with a fallow piece of ground or if a field is going to come out.  The other product is Paramount.  Paramount is a systemic herbicide with plant uptake occurring by both foliage and roots. Paramount can effectively control field bindweed if applied in the fall prior to a killing frost when the plant is at least 4 inches long and actively growing.  Make sure to talk to your fieldman about the crop rotation restrictions that come along with this product, and the other products that are also available.  Bindweed is a weed that will take 2-3yrs of Fall treatment of either product to keep control of so be warned once you start make sure to finish.

  Wild Carrot
 Last but not least is everyone's favorite, Wild Carrot.  This weed is starting to show up any where and every where.  Wild Carrot invades our fields by ditch banks and/or field borders, and that is where we need to concentrate on controlling it.  The best product for controlling Wild Carrot is Chlorsulfuron or Glean as we know it.  This product is only allowed to be applied in crop areas.  For fence rows or right of ways the product that is labeled is Telar it has the same percentage of Chlorsulfuron as Glean does but is only labeled in non crop areas.  Once the Wild Carrot moves into a Tall Fescue field the most effective product is Glean, Tall Fescue is very tolerant of Glean in the late summer early fall.  The Glean applications need to be done on Tall Fescue by Septemeber 15th.  Talk to your fieldman to figure out when and if this would be the good option for you.

CPS Soybean Variety Trial

Josh Nelson
CPS Tangent

Left Dyna-Grow and  Right Legend
 In an effort to continually look outside of the box CPS has put together a Soybean variety trial. During the first year of the trial the objective was find varieties that would reach full maturity here in the Willamette Valley. Two promising varieties are from Dyna-Grow and Legend.



Hand Rouging Blue River 09F8

 Another main objective of the trial was to grow the Soybeans with minimal input. Our herbicide program did involve both a pre-plant incorperation treatment and a post emergence application when the beans were 4-6 inches tall. We only watered twice to induce the varieties to mature earlier. Cameren is seen here cleaning up some of the weed escapes.




u
Eric and Thomas evaluating Variety Trial
As with all of our trials we are very appreciative of both grower and industry support. In the foreground is Eric Horning of Horning Farms. Eric not only provided the ground for this trial, but also applied the two shots of water. In the background (right) is Thomas Endicott V.P. of Business Development from Willamette Biomass Processors, Inc. Thomas has shared a number of varieties and production ideas with us. In the background (left) Cameren is still rouging.

Please ask your CPS field represenative for more informaion about our trial or line up a time to make a tour.


Here is the OSU PNW Irrigated Soybean Production Guide.

Vole baiting in Grass Fields

Jason Bennett
CPS Tangent

This is a reminder as the end of August approaches that means we are coming to an end of the broadcast application of ZP on Grasses grown for Seed.  August 31 is the last day to broadcast ZP bait on Grasses grown for Seed, after this date you are only allowed to hole bait.  Make sure to talk to your fieldman to see if you have any fields that need to be baited.  Take a look at the ZP label and talk it over with your fieldman.

Welcome Back!

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Welcome back!  Harvest is winding down, ground is being worked, and we're starting to think about topics for the blog again.  I hope you all had a safe harvest season.  We'll be posting to the website more regularly as we move into the fall season.  Feel free to leave comments on our posts.  You can also email us or talk to your CPS fieldman.

Here are a few things we'll be covering in the next couple weeks.
  • ZP Rodent Bait grass seed label
  • Fall weed control
  • Variable rate soil amendment applications
  • Fumigation update
    There are a few more things we've thought of that I'll leave unnamed for now...gotta have something to surprise you with.

    Thanks for taking a look and I hope you find the Tangent blog to be a great resource.  Again, please feel free to leave comments or contact your CPS fieldman with ideas or feedback.

    Black Tip in Goetze Wheat

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    We received the following email as a forward from Andy Hulting, OSU Extension.  The original email was a description of black tip in Goetze winter wheat by Mike Flowers of OSU Extension.
    All,
    Over the last week or so I have been hearing from multiple sources about black tip (or point) and sprout damage being reported in Goetze.  These reports appear to be isolated to Goetze.  There also seems to be a lot of confusion about why this is happening.

    Black tip is a fungus that is found on mature grain.  This typically occurs when mature grain stays moist for prolonged periods.  Thus, black tip is typically found in irrigated and lodged fields that dry out slowly.  Given the cool morning temperatures that do not allow the dew that formed overnight to dry quickly it is not surprising that black tip is being found this year.  Why only (or mostly) on Goetze.  Goetze is an early maturing variety (about 2-3 weeks earlier than Tubbs 06 and Madsen) and thus can have a longer exposure period to these conditions.  Stripe rust on the head may have also dried down the grain quicker than expected and thus lengthened the exposure period.  In any case, black tip is not normally a major concern.

    Sprout on the other hand is major concern.  Given the weather conditions it was very surprising to hear some of the high levels of sprout being reported.  It appears from further grain testing that these high levels of sprout may be false positives.  The black tip found on the grain is making it difficult for grain graders to properly determine if sprout is present.  It is important to note that when grain is delivered it is examined visually for sprout damage and not through a falling numbers test, which would be more definitive.  Therefore growers who are delivering grain and receive a high sprout level should ask for a re-examination by the Federal Grain Inspection Service (FGIS).  Growers will be charged for this re-examination (~$12 per sample) but sprout levels have been reduced or eliminated when re-examined.  This can have major economic implications for growers when dockage due to sprout is reduced or eliminated.

    Please pass this information along to any who might be interested.

    Mike Flowers

    CORE Training at Tangent

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    We will be hosting a 4 hour Respiratory Protection class this summer for CORE credits at the Tangent facility.  The class is set up through Chemeketa Community College and will be facilitated by one of their instructors. 

    Here is a link to the flier and official course description.

    CORE training is needed for the private applicators license.  If you are in need of CORE hours for your license this would be a good opportunity.  The instructions for registering for the class are found on the flier linked above.  You can check the status of your credit hours by using the links on this page.

    Rust Update, July 2, 2010

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    This came as email from Mark Melbye, OSU Extension Agent.  I thought it would be of interest to you all.

    Rust Update, July 2, 2010
    Xianming Chen

    Stripe Rust of Wheat

    With the majority of fields have been sprayed with fungicides, winter wheat crops have reached stages by which fungicides may no longer be applied.   Head infection is more common this year than in past years due to the much more rust-favorable weather conditions and heavy inoculum.  Rust damage, including loss of grain yield and reduction of grain quality (smaller grain size, shrivel grain, and lower test weight and flour rate), is mainly caused by leaf infection.  Head infection has a much less effect on grain yield and quality than leaf infection.  Rusts do not produce known toxins and are not seedborne, and therefore, head infection will not cause problems of toxins in food products and carrying the pathogen to next season.  Unlike smuts and bunts, rust on head should not change grain color as rust spores will be blow away during harvesting and threshing. However, it is a good idea to get grain as clean as possible.

    Stripe rust has been and will continue increasing in spring wheat crops.  Crop growth stages range from late stem elongation to flowering. Rust severity (leaf areas infected) reaches up to 100% in some nurseries.  Many fields have been sprayed with fungicides.  If not, fields of crops with a susceptible reaction should be sprayed, those with an intermediate reaction may or may not need to be sprayed depending upon yield potential, and those with a resistant reaction should not be sprayed.

    According to Dr. Juliet Windes, stripe rust of wheat is developing in southern Idaho.  Dr. Mary Burrows has reported that stripe rust is occurring in Montana.  Based on reports by Drs. Marcia McMullen, Marricells Acevedo, and others, stripe rust has developed to its highest level of the recorded history in North Dakota. According to Dr. Gary Bergstrom, stripe rust of wheat showed up, for the first time, in the state of New York.  Dr. Wayne Temple reported severe stripe rust on both winter and spring wheat in British Columbia, Canada.   So far, wheat stripe rust has been reported in 23 states of the U.S. (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Maryland, South Dakota, Indiana, Wisconsin, Colorado, Virginia, Delaware, Minnesota, North Dakota, New York, and Montana) and 3 provinces of Canada (Ontario, Manitoba, and British Columbia).

    Stripe Rust of Barley

    Stripe rust of barley has been found in the Palouse region (Whitman County, Washington).  In our experimental nurseries, rust reached 15% of severity and 40% of incidence (percentage of plants infected).  Rust of up to 2% of severity and <1% of incidence was found in the McGregor variety testing nursery west of Colfax yesterday (July 1).  With weather conditions still favorable to stripe rust, barley stripe rust is expected to develop to severity levels significantly higher than the very low levels in the past several years, but not as a big problem as wheat stripe rust.  Please check your field within the next week or so.  If rust incidence reaches to 10%, consider fungicide application.

    Leaf Rust of Wheat

    Leaf rust of wheat is occurring in the Palouse region.  On June 29, Dr. Michael Pumphrey found few pustules of leaf rust in his breeding nursery near Pullman. Yesterday (July 1), we found leaf rust (1-2% of severity, <1% incidence) on several winter wheat varieties in the McGregor’s variety trial field west of Colfax.

    As quite severe leaf rust was found in central Washington two weeks ago and the disease is now occurring in eastern Washington, we expect to see significant levels of leaf rust this year.  Fungicides that have been applied to control stripe rust also have protected crops from leaf rust infection.  However, leaf rust may develop on crops about one month after fungicide application.  Nevertheless, leaf rust will not be as severe and widespread as stripe rust.

    Stem Rust of Wheat

    On June 28, stem rust was found in the winter wheat field near the barberry bushes near Potlatch (Latah County, Idaho).  The severity level (<1% severity, <1% incidence) was much lower than that of the winter wheat field this time of last year.  No stem rust was found in the spring wheat field, which is closer than the winter wheat filed to the bushes.  The relatively low level of stem rust this year is due to the facts that both spring and winter wheat fields have been sprayed to control stripe rust and that the spring wheat variety is likely resistant to stem rust based on our variety tests with the isolate from the same field last year.  We expect that stem rust will develop to significant levels, but should be localized as in the last two years.

    New from EPA Regarding Buffer Zones

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    I just got the following email through the ODA Pesticides Info email list.  This is the email list that replaced the ODA newsletter.  Many of you probably received this email as well.  If you have not signed up on ODA's email list you can do so here.

    This is important.  This is your chance to give your opinion on the proposed Buffer Zone Calculator that will be required for application of many pesticides, most notably for us here is Chlorpyrifos (Lorsban).  I would encourage you guys to take a few minutes and check this out and respond.

    Buffer Zone Calculator

    The Oregon Department of Agriculture Pesticides Division has been contacted by EPA, and asked to share information with stakeholders in Oregon regarding the buffer zone calculator. EPA is interested in your comments/opinions. A buffer zone in this context is essentially a no-spray area between the intended application site and a waterbody (natural or manmade).

    The purpose of the calculator is to address the National Marine Fisheries Service's Biological Opinion related to the potential effects on Pacific salmon and steelhead from the use of Carbaryl, Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos, Malathion, and Methomyl. Please note, this buffer zone calculator concept might be applicable to other pesticides (including herbicides) in the future.

    As you may have heard for certain pesticides, instead of the buffer zone being stated directly on the pesticide label, pesticide applicators will be required to calculate the buffer zone based on certain parameters.  Currently, the parameters include: active ingredient (a.i.); application type; spray droplet size; application rate (lbs a.i. per acre); type of water body; and width at ordinary high water level.  To access the buffer zone calculator and learn about other limitations, applicators will first need to go to the Bulletins Live website (web address provided on label). The actual Bulletins Live site is still under development, but a temporary site (referred to below) is active.

    To test the calculator and to see an example of how the buffer calculator works for draft bulletins:

    (1) go to the temporary test site:

    http://137.227.242.134/espp_front/view.jsp

    (2) Click on either Polk or Benton County (no other Oregon county will work)
    (3) Click on October 2010 (no other month will work)
    (4) When the draft Bulletin loads, scroll to the bottom and click the "button" for the buffer calculator.

    Select various parameters and explore the system.  Take notes about what works or makes sense, and also about what doesn't work or make sense. Is it easy for you to calculate the lbs. of a.i. in a product? Please try to be as constructive, concise and honest (yet polite) as possible. Provide your comments to ODA by July 2, 2010.

    Submit comments to Rose Kachadoorian: rkachadoorian@oda.state.or.us

    Your comments will be forwarded to EPA. As you may know, EPA is responding to litigation and this isn't going to go away. So, let's work on making the calculator as painless, practical and functional as possible.

    Sample County Maps

    In addition, we have sample bulletins (as a .pdf) for each county in which Carbofuran, Carbaryl or Methomyl is subject to limitations as a result of the NMFS Biological Opinion for Pacific salmon and steelhead.  If you would like to see these draft maps, please email Rose Kachadoorian at rkachadoorian@oda.state.or.us and you will be emailed these large files.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------

    ODA Home Page
    http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PEST/

    Recent Pesticide and Fertilizer Violations
    http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PEST/violations.shtml

    Upcoming Pesticide Classes Search Page
    http://oda.state.or.us/dbs/recert_classes/Search.lasso

    Oregon Section 24(c) Registrations
    http://www.pnn.wsu.edu/pnnor.html#Section24cs

    Oregon Section 18 Exemptions
    http://oregon.gov/ODA/PEST/sec18.shtml
    --------------------------------------------------------------------

    Useful Swathing Info

    Bob Schroeder
    CPS Tangent

    Here are some useful links regarding swathing timing of various crops.  At the bottom of this post is a chart for seed moisture and swathing timing.  These moisture levels were developed through years of research by OSU.

    Response of Seed Yield to Swathing Timing in Tall Fescue and Creeping Red Fescue

    Using Seed Moisture as a Harvest Management Tool to Determine Swathing Time in Grass Seed Crops

    Response of Seed Yield to Swathing Time in Annual and Perennial Ryegrass

    Growing Meadowfoam


    Crop                                      Optimum Moisture 
                                                            for Swathing           
    Meadowfoam                                  42%
    Crimson Clover                               35%
    Annual Ryegrass                         43-46%
    Tall Fescue (forage)                    40-43%
    Tall Fescue (turf)                        35-41%
    Perennial Ryegrass                     35-43%
    Orchardgrass                             42-46%
    Fine Fescue                               20-35%

    Fescues, perennial ryegrass, and annual ryegrass will lose about 2-3% moisture per day while orchardgrass loses about 1% per day.  Meadowfoam loses 2% moisture per day.

    New Mocap Labels

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    There are two new labels for Mocap EC approved for use in Oregon.  Mocap is a great insecticide-nematicide and is very effective on symphylans.

    This label is a 24c Supplemental Label for a reduced rate of Mocap EC on snap beans.  The 24c is valid until December 31, 2014.

    This label is a Supplemental Label for Mocap EC on hops.  The new label also allows for application through subsurface drip irrigation on producing hops.  This is a supplement to the federal label.

    Thanks to Barry Duerk of Bayer for sending these out to us.

    Rely 200 receives Fall Application approval on Grasses Grown for Seed

    Jason Bennett
    CPS Tangent

    The Oregon Department of Agriculture has amended the Section 24 for Rely 200 on Grasses grown for Seed.  They have added a fall application approval along with the already spring application.  Before the label only allowed 1 application a year, now you are able to apply 2 times a crop year once in the fall and once in the spring.   The have also clarified the application timing in relationship to growth stage and time of year.  Ask your fieldman for any further detail on the label changes.  Click here the view the Rely 200 Label.

    Grower Appreciation BBQ, June 18

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    It's time for our annual Grower Appreciation BBQ this Friday! 

     We want to take this time to specifically thank our customers for your business throughout the year.  We wouldn't be here if it weren't for your continued loyalty and support.  Thank you.


    Join us for some good family fun this Friday, June 18th, at Tangent Elementary School.  The festivities will run from 6-8PM.  We'll have the pie eating contest and coin find for the kiddos as well as door prizes for everyone else.

    Here is a flyer for the event as a reminder.

    Come out and let us put on a great dinner and a fun evening for you and your families.

    Friday, June 18th, 6-8PM at Tangent Elementary School.


    View Larger Map

    CPS Tangent Plot Tour Review

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    We had a great turn out for our plot tour on Thursday.  Many of our customers braved the chance of rain to come check out our plots at the research farm on Hwy 34.  We also had Chris Mundt, OSU Plant Pathologist, and Andy Hulting, OSU Extension Weed Specialist, as well as Dave Lockwood from Corvallis Feed and Seed.
    Gathered under the awning after looking at the plots.  The rain held out just long enough.  Thanks to Fred Wutzke for putting together the coffee and cookies
    A highlight of these plots was AP Badger, a new wheat variety available through a partnership with Agri-Pro (a Syngenta owned company) and Crop Production Services.  It has been developed in Idaho and looks very promising for our market.  They are producing seed stock this year and some certified seed should be available through CPS for growers next year.  Talk to your fieldman about this new variety soon so we can be sure to get seed stock reserved for next year.
    A look at the wheat plots.  We had Tubbs06, Goetze, AP Badger, Sounder, and Westbred528
    We also had three varieties of Camelina planted at the farm.  There's not a lot of information out there on this oilseed crop yet but it holds some potential to be a rotational option for growers in the Willamette Valley. 
    Camelina plots.
    A big topic of discussion at the tour was stripe rust in wheat.  We've posted several articles and pictures over the last couple months illustrating the advancement of the disease in our area as well as describing the HTAP resistance in Goetze.  Chris Mundt was able to shed a little light on this situation in saying that it is believed that we are now dealing with a new race of stripe rust that, believe it or not, started elsewhere and has circled the globe making its way to the PNW.  He said the initial infections probably got started last fall and were able to advance by several generations during the unusually warm January and February we had here.  I put together this handout for the tour to put some Growing Degree Day and precipitation information side-by-side for the last several years.  This gives you some real numbers to compare the last eight years and makes it apparent that this year is in fact unusual.  We started the year well ahead on GDD's but have now fallen behind the average.  There are also a couple pictures at the bottom of the handout to show the progression of the disease over the last couple months.

    The warmer-than-usual weather in January and February and the cooler-than-usual weather in March, April, and May coupled with the early infection of a new race of stripe rust has created the perfect storm for disease advancement.  Chris Mundt gave further evidence of this by saying that this is the first time in 22 years that he has observed any significant stripe rust on the Stephens variety of winter wheat.  Stripe rust in winter wheat and the wet weather that is prolonging the problem even made a featured story on Fox12 Portland news last night.

    OSU still has confidence that Goetze is a good variety for us.  With stripe rust being driven by weather it's a tough year to make any serious conclusions other than the fact that it's a tough year.  We can't give up on Goetze yet.  On a drier year we want the high yield potential Goetze has to offer.

    There have been several of these plot tours over the last week or so, including the Hyslop Farm tour and a couple North Valley tours.  The take home message on the stripe rust has been that the need for fungicides is now.  In other words, if you are going to retreat any fields you need to get it done now or forget about it.  We have to protect the flag leaf to get seed fill and prevent shriveled kernels and low bushel weights.  Once we lose green leaf surface area to disease the best we can do is stop it, we can't make it green again.  Most of the fungicide labels have a cutoff at flowering which is very quickly approaching.  As long as the plants continue to stay wet, both stripe rust and septoria will be able to advance at will.  Talk with your CPS fieldman about your options.

    Christmas Tree Planting Trial

    Tanner Sheahan
    CPS Tangent

    Oregon not only holds first place in the nation for grass seed production, we are also number one in Christmas tree production.  According to the National Christams Tree Association 2007 reports, Oregon growers raise Christmas trees on nearly 67,000 acres and harvested 6.85 million trees for the Christmas season that year.  In 2007 Oregon had nearly 40% more Christmas tree acreage than the second place Michigan and harvested nearly double the number of trees than second place North Carolina.  We are a big player in Christmas tree market.  Here is a 2008 report of Christmas tree production in Oregon compiled by USDA.

    Most Christmas trees in the Willamette Valley are planted without starter fertilizer.  The red mountain soils we have around the edges of the Valley are very low in phosphorous.  The mycorrhizae that colonize the trees roots and mine the soil for phosphorous and other nutrients is abundant but it takes time for it to become established with a new planted tree. Christmas trees are usually transplanted from the nursery to the field in the spring which can result in a stressful summer if we don't get a few rain showers or we have a dry fall.

    So, I wanted to see if we could learn anything in a planting fertilizer trial.  Joe Cacka, our division agronomist, and Paolo Sanguankeo, Joe's research assistant, are overseeing the trials.  I'm just the helper.  The trial consists of nine treatments replicated four times on a newly planted field.  We took diameter measurements of each tree in each replication so we will have a quantitative baseline to observe tree growth.  Next spring we will be able to observe how much new foliar growth we get from the trees under different applications in comparison to the untreated check.  Planting fertilizer is not a new concept but it is something we have not played with much.  We use a starter fertilizer in all of our other crops so it makes sense to see a response in the trees.  A big thanks to Joe and Paolo for overseeing this trial and ensuring that we get some measurable results.

    Christmas trees are harvested and sold based purely on how they look; color, shape, fullness, height, etc.  This can be fairly subjective and thus difficult to quantify in a trial.  The last couple years of a tree's life in the field are very important.  The last two to three years of growth are what we as consumers see in the tree lot.  Diseases, chemical damage, insect damage, or drought stress are some of factors that can cause a tree to be unfit for market.  The whole purpose of this trial is to see if we can affect the last couple years of growth by giving the seedling Christmas trees a good head start.

    We'll be watching these trials for the next couple years so I will write an update once in a while when we start to see something interesting.