Unmanned Aerial Systems

Jammie Wutzke
CPS Tangent

Yesterday I attended a Precision Farming Forum on Unmanned Aerial Systems sponsored by the Yamhill County Commissioners.  The event was very well attended by growers, crop consultants, technology experts, and business entrepreneurs.  There was a tremendous amount of excitement with the opportunities to be able to use unmanned aircraft (or Drones). National and Local experts spoke and the group got to see Roswell Flight Test Crew demonstrate vertical take off and observed live video feed of color and infrared (Heat sensing) from the unit in flight. There are many hurdles ahead on legalizing the use of Unmanned Aerial Systems commercially in the United States: public perception, seek and avoid technology for the public safety, new rules and requirements from FAA, insurance, privacy and the list goes on.  Regardless of the restrictions at present, people are jockeying for position in business and are beyond thrilled to tackle applications in a new way.  Just think of ordering an item on-line and receiving it the same day, Amazon is already working on it! We are headed into some exciting times!

Hazelnut Grower Meeting Rescheduled

Hazelnut Growers are invited to a half day in the classroom and in the field meeting on Hazelnut production in the Willamette Valley,  Tuesday, January 14, 2014 from 8 a.m.  to noon.   The meeting will be held at the Halsey Community Center with coffee and donuts starting at 7:30 a.m.  Following the classroom session, we will move to the field for some demonstrations on pruning technique on new and established trees.  If you are able to attend, please RSVP with the Tangent office, 541-928-3391 or your CPS Tangent Fieldman as space is limited.  BBQ Lunch will be served at CPS Tangent  after the pruning demonstration. 
 
Halsey Community Center
100 W Halsey St.
Halsey, OR  97348 

8:00 a.m.—9:45 a.m.
· Tree Nutrition 
· Orchard floor Herbicides
· Pests in Filberts 
· Filbert Varieties
· Tree Pruning

10:15-12:00
In the Field Pruning and herbicide demonstration in a new orchard and in established orchards. 
 


Have a Great Thanksgiving!

We want to wish you all a great Thanksgiving. The team here at CPS Tangent is exceedingly thankful for your business, support, and friendship throughout the year. There is no doubt that our customers are the biggest thing we can be thankful for each and every year. 

Just so you all know, the Tangent office will be closed Thursday through Saturday for the Thanksgiving holiday. So, if you need to stock up on anything before the holiday give your Fieldman or Fred a call. Have a good time, eat well, enjoy your family, and have a relaxing couple of days.



2013 Tangent Grower Meeting

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Join us for our annual Tangent Grower Meeting this Thursday, November 21st at the Linn Country Fair and Expo Center. We will provide a continental breakfast during registration from 7:30-8:00am as well as a catered lunch at noon. There will be three OR-PAL credits available for this meeting.

Here is the agenda for this year's meeting.

November 21, 2013
Linn County Fair and Expo Center
  • 7:30-8:00       Registration and Continental Breakfast
  • 8:00-9:00       Replacing Nutrients in Grass and Cereal Production 
    • Don Horneck, and Dan Sullivan from OSU Extension
  • 9:00-9:30       Precision Farming Technology 
    • Sean Ealy, NW Territory Mgr, AgLeader Technology
  • 9:30-9:40       Break
  • 9:40-10:10     Roughstalk Bluegrass Control in Established Tall Fescue and Perennial Ryegrass
    • Andy Hulting, OSU Extension Weed Specialist
  • 10:10-10:50   CPS Agronomy Update
    • Jed Capppellazzi, CPS Cascade/Columbia Agronomy
  • 10:50-11:20   CPS Tangent Plots
    • Corey Burns, CPS Tangent
  • 11:20-12:10   Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus in Grass Seed Crops
    • Cindy Ocamb, OSU 
  • 12:10              LUNCH!



Thirteenth Annual Willamette Valley Ag Expo

Thirteenth Annual Willamette alley Ag Expo 2013

Thirteenth Annual Willamette Valley Ag Expo
Linn County Fair & Expo Center

November 12, 13 & 14  2013


  • Tuesday 9am-6pm, Wednesday 10am-9pm, Thursday 10am-5pm
  • $4.00 (Price includes $2.00 discount on the featured Lunch!)
  • Parking is Free!

hre Big Days!

Presentations by experts from
Antique Farm Equipment Display with over 70 pieces on display.  (Cascade Building) 
All New Dine Around Oregon - Wednesday night from 5 - 8 p.m. featuring all Oregon Food and Beverage Products.  Pre sale tickets availalble call 800-208-2168 for details.

Herbicide resistance – Not just about the weeds

Bob Schroeder
CPS Tangent

For several years now we have been talking about and using strategies to avoid herbicide, fungicide, and insecticide resistance in our crops amongst our many pests.  The introduction of glyphosate (Roundup-ready) resistant plants was one of the first technologies to really accelerate the resistance of some of our weed species in the crops and on the species where it is used.  As a result of the use of so much glyphosate, it has sped up the resistance of weeds and at the same time affected greatly the supply and availability of glyphosate to the rest of agriculture.  We in the Willamette valley this past year were affected again by product tightening of glyphosate as well as the extreme tightening of another product, known in our market as Rely and Reckon, and Liberty in the rest of the U.S.  Liberty too is used in an effort to combat glyphosate resistant weeds in other major U.S. crops such as corn and soybeans.  The result of this was the loss of available Rely for use in our fescue and ryegrass crops as well as for sucker control in hazelnuts.  Despite other sources of some of these products, supplies have continued to be limited because of the large volumes committed to the major crops while our NW crops are considered minor in the acres produced.

The latest product to come up on the radar screen that we have used extensively here in the NW is Dicamba, branded as Banvel, Rifle, Clarity, and a host of other generics.  Dicamba resistant soybeans have given soybean producers another tool for combating glyphosate resistant weeds in their production but it is having a big impact on product supply and availability to all the other crops.  With Soybean acres in just the U.S. surpassing 77 million acres, if only 1% of the acres account for a single Dicamba application, it is more than double the product the whole Oregon grass seed industry uses.   

Fall Pests in the Willamette Valley

Bob Schroeder
CPS Tangent


A number of common pests are reeking havoc in Willamette Valley fields this fall.  Pressures are heavier in some areas and crops than in others but even small populations are wide spread this fall.  

Cutworms - Agrostis species
The eggs are a pearly white, rounded and about 0.5 mm in diameter.  You will find them in clusters or singly, laid on vegetation, moist ground around plants, and in cracks in the soil.  One CPS fieldman even found clusters of them on his field flag.   The larvae (caterpillars) can be plump, smooth caterpillars that are greasy in appearance and can range in color from grey to brown or black.  The larvae curl into a C shape when they are disturbed and remain motionless for a short time.  They can blend in well with the soil, making them difficult to distinguish.  They commonly hide just below the soil surface or in residue during the day.  
Cutworms generally feed at night or during overcast and foggy days of which we have had many in October.  Young larvae feed on plants leaving small irregular holes in the leaves.  Larger larvae may completely cut through the stocks of plants.  When populations are heavy, they can destroy as much as 75% of a crop and are particularly tough on new seedings.  Most damage occurs between June and November.  There are several control options.  Consult with your fieldman for the most effective means of control.  For additional information follow the link below.

Cutworms in the Pacific Northwest


Grass Seed Wireworms
Wireworm larvae are the damaging stage of this pest that are yellow-brown and up to 0.5 inches long.  Larvae feed on the roots and into the crowns of plants, killing or severely stunting their growth.  The damaged seedling stands often appear yellow, and the plants eventually turn brown and die.  The larvae migrate up and down in the soil profile as moisture changes.  

Grass Seed Wireworm




Celiac Safe Wheat and Golden Rice

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Last month many of you probably saw the article in the Capitol Press about WSU's research and breakthroughs towards celiac safe wheat. Here's a link to a summary article from celiac.com with an excerpt below. 
Von Wettstein is working two distinct angles on this project. The first approach uses genetic modification, while the second does not. He acknowledges that doing it without genetic modification "would be better…But in the end, if the only way to do this is through genetic modification of wheat, it could still be a major advancement for people who suffer from that disease."
Biotech in all its forms holds a lot of hope for the future of agriculture and our ability to keep up with an ever expanding global population and ever decreasing arable land,  not to mention the pressure on water supply. Increased yields, increased disease resistance, decreased dependence on broad spectrum pesticides, and crop production on marginal lands are a few of the aims of genetic modification.

TIME Magazine, July 31, 2000
Here's a great biotech article from the New York Times, Golden Rice: Lifesaver? I remember hearing about this project in college, "identified in the infancy of genetic engineering as having the potential for the biggest impact for the world’s poor, [it] was initially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation and the European Union." The Golden Rice project sought to develop rice cultivars capable of producing beta carotene for consumers in many parts of the world where Vitamin A deficiency is very serious, particularly among the most needy. There's a similar project in casava. Unfortunately, as you'll read in the article, many oppose projects like this for ideological reasons, never mind the lives that could be saved. Through vandalism a few activists in the Philippines made decisions for an entire population by nearly destroying the non-profit funded project, setting it back at least a year if not more.
If the rice gains the Philippine government’s approval, it will cost no more than other rice for poor farmers, who will be free to save seeds and replant them, Dr. Barry said. It has no known allergens or toxins, and the new proteins produced by the rice have been shown to break down quickly in simulated gastric fluid, as required by World Health Organization guidelines. A mouse feeding study is under way in a laboratory in the United States. The potential that the Golden Rice would cross-pollinate with other varieties, sometimes called “genetic contamination,” has been studied and found to be limited, because rice is typically self-pollinated. And its production of beta carotene does not appear to provide a competitive advantage — or disadvantage — that could affect the survival of wild varieties with which it might mix. 
Often times activism is touted as the fight against a few who hold too much power. What happens when the activists are the few who, through bio-terrorism, make grave decisions for many?

The article and those linked within are well worth the read. Here's to science and agriculture pushing forward to continue feeding the many and seeking to improve the the lives of a global population.


Fall Fertilizer on Grass Seed

Bob Schroeder
CPS Tangent


How much is enough? 

 


     When planning your fall fertilizer applications on your ryegrass, fescue, and orchardgrass, it is important to calculate how many nutrients have been removed from the previous crop in the seed and straw.

  With the amount of baled straw being removed from the fields this past harvest, it may be very surprising how much has been removed in total nutrients.  The biggest use of nutrients in the straw of course is Potash.  For a two ton straw removal of ryegrass, 80 pounds of potash is removed.  For three tons of fescue straw, 120 pounds of potash is removed.  Orchardgrass straw removal is very similar to fescue.  Based on Oregon State University work lead by Dr. John Hart, you can calculate nutrient removal in the straw for both fescue and ryegrass species by the following;  Nitrogen @ 1%, Phosphorus @ 0.1%, Potash @ 2.0%, and Sulfur at 0.2%.  Numbers for calcium and magnesium are very similar in ryegrass and fescue, with calcium running 0.3% in fescue, and 0.35% in ryegrass.  Magnesium in fescue straw is 0.18%, and 0.12% in ryegrass. 
Using these numbers for fescue straw, one ton of fescue straw contains approximately 20 pounds of nitrogen, 2 pounds of Phosphorus, 40 pounds of potash (potassium), 6 pounds of Calcium, 3.6 pounds of magnesium, and 4 pounds of sulfur.  Since most fescue straw yields between 2.5 and 3.5 tons per acre, total nutrient removal can add up quickly most notably with potash as high as 140 pounds per acre.  
These are important numbers to know as you plan your fall fertilizer programs.  Work with your CPS crop advisor to formulate a plan of attack for your fall nutrient needs based on your yields of seed and straw, and your crop production goals for the coming season, and available soil amendments and nutrients.  
 For a more detailed report on nutrient removal, check out the Oregon State Extension publication EM9051, Postharvest Residue Management for Grass Seed Production in Western Oregon.  

Apiary Technology and New Pesticide Labels to Protect Bees

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Here are a couple related topics I wanted to share. First is an article about a upstart tech company adapting modern technology to the very old practice of beekeeping. Below that is an article from Oregonians for Food and Shelter (OFS) discussing changes made to federal pesticide labels with bee safety in mind.

Beezinga Brings Data Analytics To The Apiary
Beekeeping isn’t exactly something you read about a lot in the tech press, but it’s a big business with about $268.9 million in revenue in the U.S. alone, and technology is slowly finding its way into apiaries around the world.  
Beezinga, the Microsoft Imagine Cup finalist from Slovenia, has developed a system of sensors for standardized beehives (yes, there are standards for beehives). The system can measure things like the temperature and humidity in the hive, as well as the amount of honey production (by measuring the weight of the hive) and the overall activity of the hive by analyzing a video feed of bee activity at the entrance of the hive. 
The Beezinga believes it will cost about $40 to retrofit a single hive. That, the team believes, is a price commercial beekeepers will be more than happy to pay to get analytics about their hives. Beezinga is currently beta testing the system and plans to adopt a subscription model once it goes into production. 
Photo from TechCrunch article
 The system regularly updates data from the hive to the cloud and beekeepers can then use a web app to get a quick overview of how their bees are doing. The system, of course, can also send real-time alerts when something is amiss. Right now, Beezinga uses a standard cell phone with a data connection to send this data from the often remote apiaries (and multiple hives can talk to the same phone), but the team is also looking into how to use off-the-shelf technologies to integrate wireless technologies directly into the system without the need for a phone. 
One cool aspect of Beezinga is that it doesn’t just do analytics, but that it can also defend the hive from attacks from other bees. Using audio analytics, the system recognizes when the hive is under attack and starts spraying water at the attackers in front of the hive. For the most part, this is enough to repel these kinds of attacks. 
Given the discussion around colony collapse disorder, Beezinga also believes that it can create a large database of information around beekeeping that may be able to help researchers understand what exactly is happening to bee populations around the world. 
Beezinga is currently competing in the Imagine Cup finals in St. Petersburg. After presenting their projects to a group of judges over the last two days, the finalists will now have to wait until tomorrow before they will hear if they won one of the prizes up for grabs at Microsoft’s annual student technology competition.

Only a couple of the active ingredients mentioned in this article are used in our area under various trade-names. Be sure to talk with your CPS Fieldman about the products that are used in our area and how we maximize bee safety. Also check out the links at the bottom of the article for more info.

EPA develops new labels that prohibit neonicotinoid pesticide products where bees are present. 
August 16, 2013 
In an ongoing effort to protect bees and other pollinators, the U.S. EPA has developed new pesticide labels that prohibit use of some neonicotinoid pesticide products where bees are present. 
"Multiple factors play a role in bee colony declines, including pesticides. The EPA is taking action to protect bees from pesticide exposure and these label changes will further our efforts," said Jim Jones, assistant administrator for the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. 
The new labels will have a bee advisory box and icon with information on routes of exposure and spray drift precautions. Today's announcement affects products containing the neonicotinoids imidacloprid, dinotefuran, clothianidin, and thiamethoxam. The EPA will work with pesticide manufacturers to change labels so that they will meet the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) safety standard. 
In May, USDA and EPA released a comprehensive scientific report on honey bee health, showing scientific consensus that there are a complex set of stressors associated with honey bee declines, including loss of habitat, parasites and disease, genetics, poor nutrition, and pesticide exposure. 
The agency continues to work with beekeepers, growers, pesticide applicators, pesticide and seed companies, and federal and state agencies to reduce pesticide drift dust and advance best management practices. The EPA recently released new enforcement guidance to federal, state, and tribal enforcement officials to enhance investigations of bee kill incidents. 
Click here for more on EPA's label changes and pollinator protection efforts. 
Click here to view the infographic on EPA's new bee advisory box.





Variable Rate Fertilizer

Jammie Wutzke
CPS Tangent

With Fall preparations under way for the 2014 crop it is a good time to reevaluate soil test results and replenish the soil fertility bank with P&K. Variable Rate Controllers allow us to take advantage of Grid Sample data and create prescriptions and apply more fertilizer where soils are deficient. Talk to your CPS Fieldmen about tailoring a fertility program based on your goals.





Fall planting

Jason Bennett
CPS Tangent

As the ground work begins to slow down its time to switch gears to fall planting and fall fertilizer.  As you prepare for the fall season make sure to talk to your CPS fieldman about the different fertilizer blend options and what will work best for your farm.


Also if you are planting annual ryegrass make sure to talk to him about getting your drill set up for using Axiom while drilling or if you are already set up for Axiom make sure to contact him for calibration, and to work out the start of season troubles you can have.
Axiom Row up close


Outside round of field no Axiom
Example of spray boom in front of drill openers for Axiom row spraying

Soil Amendment Season 2013


Joe Moade
CPS Tangent

With most of the crops harvested and the next cropping year about to start, it is a good time of year to add needed soil amendments.  Please contact you CPS field person to see what materials we have able to meet your needs.




Happy Birthday Josh!

Still Wide Eyed after all these years!

"Do you have a Jordan Rookie Card for Sale?"

Project Loon and a New Zealand Shepherd

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Last week I wrote a post about how modern mobile devices are changing the way continental African farmers do business. A couple days later I came across Project Loon, a daring project that aims to bring internet connectivity to remote regions of the world through solar-powered high-altitude balloons. As we saw in the last post about Kenyan farmers; access to relevant information, agronomic advancements, current prices, market trends, and prospective buyers is invaluable to farmers no matter where they live. This idea (or perhaps its successor), while still in its infancy, could bring greater connectivity to a globe that by and large remains cut off from the digital world.

Why does this matter to us and why is it posted to our blog? Here's a cool thing: who was the first person in the world to logon to the internet in the pilot program? A shepherd from New Zealand who was able to check the weather without a ten-minute-per-page load time. He's on the other side of the world but that hits close to home. Check out the first video below to see his reaction.


Project Loon: New Zealand Pilot Test




Here are a couple more videos to give you some more background on the project. Any way you cut it this is a pretty cool project.


Introducing Project Loon



Project Loon: The Technology






Grower Appreciation BBQ!!!

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Come out and join us for some great food and a fun evening at the annual Tangent CPS Grower Appreciation BBQ at Tangent Elementary this Friday evening. As always, bring the kids!


This Friday
June 14th
6-8 PM
Tangent Elementary
32100 Old Oak Dr 
Tangent

Come down, let us feed you, and enjoy the evening before the craziness of harvest sets in. Hope to see you all there!

Seed Moisture as a Harvest Managment Tool

Corey Burns
CPS Tangent

If you have not done so already, you're probably getting pretty close to laying down a few crops.


After a years worth of hard work you still have a few decisions left that can help maximize your yields. Here is a little info that should help you in making your decision on when to fire up your swathers. Oregon State Swathing Timing.

First-World Tech in Third-World Agriculture

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Technology has changed the way we live, not much to argue with there and I'm certainly not the first to make that claim. We communicate differently, travel differently, enjoy entertainment differently, consume internet content differently, play games differently, interact with each other differently, and so on. Most of us carry a pretty impressive computer around in our pockets and access the web through many venues many times every day. The smartphone is part of our culture now and it has done a lot in a few short years to enhance the way agriculture does business. Emails in the field, access to product labels in the buggy, high-resolution photographs to be sent in for identification, location based aerial imagery in the palm of our hands, and sample results and records at our fingertips are a few examples of how my job has changed since I started in 2005. In this country we have always sought the bleeding edge of advancement so the integration of the smartphone into our daily lives on the farm has fit well with the auto-steered auto-leveled sprayer, variable-rate-controlled fertilizer or lime buggy, and yield-monitoring combine. But what about the developing world?

If you know me very well you know I'm an Android fan. I don't want to feed Phone War III but here's a few Ag related examples of why I love the mobile operating system from Google. Since  Android is an open-source operating system any company that would like to license and build an Android device is able to do so legally. This creates fierce competition both for high-end, top-performing devices and those that would satisfy the price conscious consumer...or farmers in poverty stricken nations. A couple years ago I read an article about how an $80 Android phone was sweeping across Kenya and changing, or rather creating, a digital landscape. Suddenly small-holder farmers were able to check the weather forecast or get actual commodity prices. The developing world is by nature rife with corruption as factions vie for power. Access to real, current, and relevant information for the individual helps level the playing field.

Kenya is experiencing a technology boom through what some have dubbed the "Silicon Savannah" and companies like iHub based in Kenya's capital of Nairobi. Since most of the developing world survives by subsistence agriculture, farm-focused apps are changing the way agribusiness is done there.
"In Kenya, everybody is building apps for Kenya," says Eric Hersman, the US founder of the iHub. "They look around themselves and say, 'Well what do most people do?'... 70% of the population is based on agricultural-related businesses."
Farmer Charles Mbatha (left) is now able to check the price
of his goods using Susan Oguya's invention (right)
About 1% of the US population claims "farming" as the their primary occupation. This doesn't alleviate it, but may explain the aggravating lack of good, usable, innovative agriculture apps here in the States. It seems existing Ag software companies are maddeningly slow to embrace the mobile platforms dominating mobile technology today. In Kenya, beginning with the SMS based M-Pesa back in 2007, and continuing with apps like M-Farm and FarmShop, a plethora of locally relevant mobile tech has been developed in Kenya by Kenyans for Kenyan farmers. That's pretty cool.
India is experiencing a similar technology boom for rural small-holder farms. 
[C]ase in point is Krishidhan Seeds, an Indian agricultural biotech company, which has rolled out 3G-enabled Android 2.3 mobile device tablets for its sales and marketing field force. Through this initiative, the company has enabled 300-plus technically trained and qualified agriculture specialists to be on the ground and provide real-time and instant solutions to the farmers. The 3G device with its unique features and high-quality camera, enables the employees to capture photographs, video footage and voice data from the field and send them to Krishidhan experts located in their R&D offices at Jalna and Pune and seek their support in providing solution on the spot to the farmers.
The future of ag-tech is bright. We need more forward-thinking companies pushing the envelope and competing to bring the best mobile solutions and GIS integration here in our own country. It's exciting to see some of the largest land-masses and populations in the developing world approaching modern farming practices simply because they now have access to information we all take for granted. 

I hope the adoption of mobile technology by farmers in the developing world continues to grow exponentially because the global population continues to grow whether we have a way to feed them or not.


OWGL Newsletter Addresses GMO Wheat Discovery

Tanner Sheahan
CPS Tangent

Many of you know Dan Steiner at Morrow County Grain Growers because many of you receive his daily email summarizing the grain markets and speaking specifically about the PNW. Dan also spoke at our annual grower meeting a couple years ago.

I asked Dan if he could pass along any more info or give us a statement from his expert perspective on the GMO wheat discovered in Oregon and how that may affect the wheat market for local growers. He sent me the Special Edition Newsletter from the Oregon Wheat Growers League. Lots of info there, thanks Dan!



I've linked the five page PDF below. Enjoy.

OWGL Special Edition Newsletter



We'll try to post any new info we can get. If you want to receive Dan's daily email you can contact him through the Morrow County Grain Growers website.




Hazelnut Pre-Emergence Weed Control Plot Summary

Josh Nelson
CPS Tangent

Hazelnut establishment hinges on the ability to keep weed pressure in check. A solid weed control program increases water and fertilizer availability, caliper size and reduces vole pressure. Over the last few years three new chemistry's have been labeled for non producing hazelnut weed control. Here are the pictures, if you would like more information on product rates, timing and tank mixes please contact your CPS field man.

Simazine

Alion

Matrix

Trellis

Grower Standard Program (Tank Mix)


Thank you to Wirth Farms, Inc. for allowing us to use their ground.

 

Tangent CPS plot tour

Tangent CPS invites you to join us for our annual plot tour on Thursday, June 6th from 3:00-5:00pm.

Agenda items:

  • Wheat varieties
  • Roughstalk bluegrass
  • Starter fertilizer on fescue
  • Rotation crops
  • Fence rows
  • MCPA timing on clover

Our research farm is located at  29531 Hwy 34 just west of Colorado Lake Dr.
We are looking forward to seeing you rain or shine!


Promising New OSU Wheat Varieties


Josh Nelson
Two new promising varieties came out of the OSU wheat tour yesterday. Bobtail and Rosalyn will be available this fall in limited quantities through  Foundation Seed. Today the Capital Press also released an informative article and comments from OSU wheat breeder Bob Zemetra.


CPS - Tangent

If you are interested in seeing Bobtail and Rosalyn, along with the other 45 varieties, in person, ask your CPS fieldman to show you the plots located between Tangent and Shedd on Mid Valley Farms. OSU plot identifier signs will be out until harvest starts.


New OSU wheat varieties promise yield, rust resistance

Capital Press
Two new Oregon State University soft white winter wheat varieties are being touted for their high yield potential and stripe rust resistance.
OSU wheat breeder Bob Zemetra said Bobtail and Rosalyn topped variety trials in Oregon -- and some in Washington.
Bobtail averaged 10 bushels more than the average yield in higher rainfall and irrigated zones in Oregon trials. Zemetra said it produces a little less than that in dryland areas and has moderate resistance to strawbreaker footrot because it carries the PCH2 gene, the relatively new second gene for resistance. Most varieties carry the PCH1 gene.
"It's in a few varieties in the Northwest, but not very many," Zemetra said of the second gene. "It confers summer resistance to strawbreaker."
Bobtail is moderately resistant to cephalosporium stripe, but showed great tolerance in a Washington State University trial, Zemetra said. It has moderate resistance to septoria leaf blotch, of note to growers in Western Oregon, and excellent end-use quality.
Rosalyn topped Bobtail in moderate to high rainfall trials and drier zones. It has better adaptation to dry zones and good resistance to strawbreaker foot rot, carrying both the PCH1 and PCH2 genes. It is more susceptible to cephalosporium stripe and septoria leaf blotch.
As a wheat breeder, Zemetra worries about a possible change in stripe rust races affecting the area.
"What looks good today might look bad tomorrow," he said.
The two varieties have short or no awns, the bristle of the wheat plant, which may require farmers to adjust the settings on their combines at harvest, Zemetra said.
The varieties combine Pacific Northwest germplasm and European germplasm. Most European wheats and varieties in the eastern United States are awnless, Zemetra said.
"If the awn gave that much of an advantage, we would probably see more awn wheat there," he said.
Zemetra said there was discussion between OSU and the Oregon Wheat Commission whether to move ahead with royalties on wheat varieties. It was decided that there needs to be a consensus moving forward, so Bobtail and Rosalyn will have a traditional release with no royalties attached.
Foundation seed for Bobtail is being produced through the Washington State Crop Improvement Association, but may all be spoken for. Zemetra reselected Rosalyn for test weight, so there will be a limited amount of foundation seed available in the fall. Zemetra said farmers will likely get more Bobtail in the fall of 2014 and Rosalyn on a limited basis.
Zemetra said he will next pursue wheats adapted to drier areas and focus on resistance to soilborne wheat mosaic virus.
He is also close to finding the right combination of yield, stripe rust resistance and end-use quality for a hard white wheat.

Got roughstalk?

Jason Bennett
CPS Tangent

Want to give everybody an update on our roughstalk trials we had.



As many of you know Tangent CPS put out a number of plots to get a handle on and control roughstalk bluegrass.  We had 2 big trials in grower fields and we had another big trial at our research farm where we planted roughstalk last fall.  Unfortunately we learned there is not one product alone, labeled in grass seed, that will control roughstalk bluegrass.  However we did learn how important it is to have the product applied prior to any roughstalk sprout.  We were able to look at 11 different products and how they act individually on roughstalk.  Our trials had roughly 650 different chemical combinations at each location, there was a lot to look at!  Once we got into late winter early spring we started seeing very good separation among chemicals and different combinations.  From these plots we have learned the top 4-5 products that have activity on roughstalk and also the importance of applying product pre-emergence. 


Our plan for this fall is to continue our research with small plots on our research farm and grower fields, but look into how we can use the top products better to gain roughstalk control.  This spring, at the research farm, we planted tall fescue and roughstalk inner planted in it.  We are currently watering the tall fescue and roughstalk up.  By this fall we hope to have strong tall fescue and also roughstalk.  Ask your Tangent CPS fieldman about what products really stood out and which ones failed.

2013 Hyslop Field Day


2013 Hyslop Field Day

Date:         Wed, 05/29/2013 - 8:30am - 5:00pm

ANDY HULTING
OSU EXTENSION WEED MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST
541-737-5098
ANDREW.HULTING@OREGONSTATE.EDU

Lunch prepared by the OSU CROPS CLUB


Coffee and Donuts 8:00

Welcome and meadowfoam program update                      Russ Karow 8:15

Wheat and grass seed testing rules updates                      Adriel Garay   8:30
OSU Seed Lab

Developing new winter wheat cultivars for W. OR            Bob Zemetra  9:00

Stripe rust, Septoria, and fungicide resistance                   Chris Mundt  9:30

Update on winter barley breeding efforts                            Pat Hayes 10:00

Alternatives to diuron for carbon-seeding                          Andy Hulting 10:30

Recent findings on Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus
and its aphid vectors in perennial ryegrass seed fields   Cindy Ocamb 11:00

Sinapsis alba: Potential oilseed rotation crop                   Tom Chastain and 11:30
for the Willamette Valley                                                          Alyssa Duval

Lunch/Adjourn 12:00


Location: 
Hyslop Farm
3455 NE Granger Ave
CorvallisOR
United States